芸 能 名:「エチオピアの民族芸能」
団 体 名:エチオカラー
  名:エチオピア連邦民主共和国


Name of performance : The Multi-Ethnic Performing of Ethiopia 
Name of group : Ethiocolor
Country : Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia


アフリカ大陸北東部に位置するエチオピアは80以上の民族、100以上の言語を有し、民族芸能も多様である。現地のアムハラ語で、歌と踊りは一つの単語“ゼファン”であらわされる。歌、踊りは、豊かに絡み合い不可分なものとしてとらえられる。北部では特に、各地を広範に移動し、弦楽器の弾き語りを通して権力者を礼賛し、時には揶揄し、庶民の意見の代弁者となるような専業の芸能集団アズマリが歴史的に活躍してきた。また、ダウロ族の芸能にみられるように、家畜の角や革を使用した楽器の演奏は、人々の祝祭儀礼、生業、精神世界と深い関りを持って展開してきた。首都では近年、エチオピア各民族の芸能を独自に解釈し、ハイブリッドな芸能を創造する現象もみうけられる。


Ethiopia is a country situated in northeastern Africa, and it is home to more than 80 ethic groups speaking more than 100 languages. It also, of course, has a rich variety of folk performing arts In Amharic, the word for both song and dance is zefen. Song and dance are taken as being inextricably linked. Especially in the northern part of the country, Azmari, a professional folk performing arts group, has traveled extensively, sometimes praising and sometimes ridiculing power and authority, and sometimes speaking out, as a voice of the people, through the playing of stringed instruments. Also, as seen in the folk performing arts of the Dawro people, playing musical instruments using horns and leather from livestock has evolved with deep ties to the festival rituals, livelihood, and spiritual world of the people. In recent years, the group can also be seen uniquely interpreting the folk performing arts of the various peoples of Ethiopia and creating hybrid art forms in the capital of Addis Ababa.