芸 能 名:「東ブータンのヤクの踊り」
団 体 名:メラ村芸能団
  名:ブータン王国


Name of performance : The Yak Dance of Eastern Bhutan 
Name of group : Merak Performing Arts Group
Country : Kingdom of Bhutan


「幸せの国」として知られるヒマラヤ山麓の国、ブータン王国。その東部にある標高3500メートルのメラ村は、近年ようやく道路が通じたが、それでも訪れるには首都から車で3日を要する。このメラの村人が、年に一度の断食法要の後に演じるのが、ヤクの踊り(ヤクチャム)である。ヤクは高地で飼われる牛に似た動物で、メラの村人は一年の大半をヤクの遊牧で過ごしている。それゆえ、ヤクを授かる神話を舞踊化したのがこの踊り。また、特別な客人を迎える際に演じてきた、チベット王を主人公とした舞踊「アチラモ」と、メラの民謡があわせて披露される。これまで村外にすら出たことのなかった村人たちが生まれて初めて海外を訪れる、世界初公開の上演となる。


Kingdom of Bhutan, nestled in the Himalayas and known as the “land of happiness.” The village of Merak lies in the eastern part of the country, with an elevation of some 3,500 meters. A road to the remote village has finally been constructed in recent years, but even now it is a hard 3-day journey by car from the capital. When the people of Merak have finished their annual period of fasting, they perform the “Yak Cham,” or yak dance. The yak is a bovine animal that is cultivated in mountainous areas, and the people of Merak spend most of the year moving with the herd in a pastoralist fashion. The mythology of the yak is what gave birth to this dance. There is also the “Acho Lhamo,” which is performed when an important visitor arrives. This dance tells the story of a king of ancient Tibet and is performed to the accompaniment of a folk song from Merak. This will be the first time it is ever performed abroad, by villagers who had previously never even left their home village but have now come all the way to Japan.